Caroline Brock
Associate Teaching Professor
322 Middlebush

Ph.D. Environment and Resources (2010). University of Wisconsin-Madison

M.A. Agricultural and Applied Economics (2006). University of Wisconsin-Madison M.S. in Land Resources (2003).

University of Wisconsin-Madison, WI. B.A. in Biology (1996). Cornell College, Mt Vernon, IA.

Academic Appointments

Assistant Teaching Professor. Division of Applied Social Sciences. University of Missouri-Columbia. (Fall 2012-Summer 2020).

Senior Research Associate. Stakeholder Engagement & Participatory Research Methods and Food Systems. Research Associate Position. The Ohio State University. (While on research leave from above position-Jan. 2018-Summer 2019).

Research and Teaching

Caroline Brock teaches a variety of interdisciplinary writing intensive classes. The most well known is a large writing intensive class, Amish Communities. She also teaches Sociology of Food and Socioeconomic Perspectives of Science and Technology among others.

Her research falls under three broad categories that complement each other, agricultural sustainability, participatory research in scientific and practitioner understandings, and education research to enhance diversity and inclusion in formal and non-formal educational settings

Select Publications

Brock, C., & Haden, V.R. (2024). Amish and non-Amish farmer perspectives on climate change causes, effects, and adaptation strategies. Sustainability, 16(2) 897.

Brock, C., & Schewe, R. (2023). Plain producer approaches to antibiotics and natural remedies used in the barn and home: A ‘third way’ in herd healthcare? Journal of Rural Studies, 101, 103058.

Brock, C. C., Pempek, J. A., Jackson-Smith, D., Habing, G. G., da Costa, L., & Weaver, K. (2022). Managing organic dairy herd health: Current roles and possible future roles for veterinarians with organic dairy clientele. Journal of Dairy Science, 105(10), 8328-8341.

Brock, C., Jackson-Smith, D., Kumarappan, S., Culman, S., Herms, C., & Doohan, D. (2021). Organic corn production practices and profitability in the Eastern U.S. Corn Belt. Sustainability, 13(16), 8682.

​​​​​Brock, C., Jackson-Smith, D., Culman, S., Doohan, D., & Herms, C. (2021). Soil balancing within organic farming: negotiating meanings and boundaries in an alternative agricultural community of practice. Agriculture and Human Values, 38(2), 449-465.

Brock, C. C., Pempek, J. A., Jackson-Smith, D., Weaver,  K., da Costa, L., & Habing, G. G. (2021). Organic dairy producer experiences and decisions related to disease prevention and treatment. Journal of Dairy Science, 104(5), 5867-5880.

Brock, C., Jackson-Smith, D., Kumarappan, S., Culman, S., Doohan, D., & Herms, C. (2021). The prevalence and practice of soil balancing among organic corn farmers.  Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, 36(4), 365-374.

Culman, S. W., Brock, C., Doohan, D., Jackson-Smith, D., Herms, C., Chaganti, V. N., Kleinhenz, M., Sprunger, C. D., & Spargo, J. (2021). Base cation saturation ratios vs. sufficiency level of nutrients: A false dichotomy in practice. Agronomy Journal, 113(6), 5623-5634.

Chaganti, V. N., Culman, S.W., Culman, C. Herms, C. D. Sprunger, Brock, C., A. Leiva Soto & Doohan, D. (2021). Base cation saturation ratios, soil health, and yield in organic field crops. Agronomy Journal, 113(5), 4190-4200.

Sprunger, C. D., Culman, S. W., Deiss, L., Brock, C., & Jackson-Smith, D. (2021). Which management practices influence soil health in Midwest organic corn systems? Agronomy Journal, 113(5), 4201-4219.

Dijak, J., McCann, L., & Brock, C. (2020). Horse manure management by commercial and Old-Order Amish equine operators: Economic and conservation implications. Sustainability, 12(20), 8723.

Brock, C., Sanchez, N., & Sharpe, D. L. (2019). Pen as a Bridge: Instructor perspectives on incorporating diversity and inclusion in writing intensive courses. Teaching in Higher Education, 25(8).

Brock, C., Ulrich-Schad, J. D., & Prokopy, L. (2018). Bridging the divide: Challenges and opportunities for public sector agricultural professionals working with Amish and Mennonite producers on conservation. Environmental Management. 61(5). 756-771.

Schewe, R. L. & Brock, C. (2018). Stewarding dairy herd health and antibiotic use on U.S. Amish and Plain Mennonite farms. Journal of Rural Studies. 58. 1-11.

Ulrich-Schad, J. D., Brock, C., & Stalker Prokopy, L. (2017). A comparison of awareness, attitudes, and usage of water quality conservation practices between Amish and non-Amish farmers. Society & Natural Resources, 30(12), 1476-1490.
**Ulrich-Schad and Brock contributed equally to this article.

Hua, Q, Bent, E., Brock, C., Dguidegue, Y., Achuff, E., Hatcher, M., & Ojewola, O. (2017). Fifteen years after the Bellingham ISSRM: An empirical evaluation of Frederick Buttel’s differentiating criteria for environmental and resource sociology. Rural Sociology, 83(1),  6-23. 
*Bent and Brock contributed equally to this article.

Brock, C. & Barham, B.L. (2013). 'Milk is milk': Organic dairy adoption decisions and bounded rationality. Sustainability; 5(12):5416-5441.

Brock, C. (2013). What do college students have to learn from the Amish? Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies, 1(2):69-89.

Brock, C. & Barham, B. (2009). Farm structural change of a different kind: Alternative dairy farms in Wisconsin -- graziers, organic, and Amish. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, 24(1): 25-37.